1 in 5 women have urinary tract infection in their lifetime. With this problem, the women have a feeling of burning sensation and the urgent need to urinate. But, the symptoms of UTI are kind of similar to Interstitial cystitis. In this guide, we are going to mention in detail what the aching bladder indicates.
What is Urinary Tract Infection?
The UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) affects the bladder and the bacteria enters the urethra. When the bacteria enter the urethra and travel to the bladder, it will result in UTI. Due to this condition, the bladder lining will get swollen, red, and inflamed.
Some of the common symptoms include:
- Urgent need to urinate or urinate more often. You may run to the bathroom several times per hour but urinate only a few drops.
- While you urinate there is blood and the urine appears red or dark orange which means there is an infection in the urine.
- Burning sensation when you urinate.
- Abdominal pain, lower back pain, or pelvic pressure. Along with lower abdominal discomfort, pressure, or bloating in the lower pelvic area when you urinate.
- Cloudy urine which has an odor
- Fever or chills
In case, you have any of these symptoms then you should visit our urologist right away. At our urology centre, the doctor will give the best treatment plan which will solve your problem in the best manner.
What is Interstitial Cystitis?
Interstitial cystitis is also referred to as painful bladder syndrome which is a pelvic health condition and it affects young and middle-aged women. It is a chronic inflammatory problem of the bladder lining which leads to pain and pressure in the pelvic area around the bladder.
Symptoms of IC include:
- Pain the pelvic region and bladder which surrounds the bladder.
- Urination is painful without any type of bacteria and infection.
- Even if the bladder is not full you feel the urgent need to urinate.
Differentiate: UTI and IC
The women with IC often have urine culture results as negative which means in the urine there is no presence of any type of bacteria. Additionally, the women can also experience pain during sexual intercourse but this is not common with UTI patients.
Diagnosing the UTI and IC
- For the UTI condition, the treatment is mostly antibiotics and the medications help the patients to get relief from the bladder pain or burning sensation. Additionally, the patient should increase water intake.
- In some cases, women experience frequent UTI and there is a need for more investigation. If the UTI issue is recurrent then your doctor will perform the pelvic examination to check the bladder or vagina which results in infection. Also, the diagnostic tests are performed like a CT scan, Ultrasound, urine culture, and cystoscopy.
- To diagnose IC it is more difficult. The problem with this condition is that the exact reason cannot be pinpointed. But, sometimes the patients have other health issues like irritable bowel syndrome, endometriosis, pelvic floor syndrome, and fibromyalgia.
What is the treatment for IC?
IC problems cannot be cured but the treatment can help to get relief from the painful symptoms. There are additional therapies that are needed for the patient to live her life with ease. Some of the treatment options include changing the diet, bladder distention, physical therapy, and medications to relieve symptoms.